Intent: This assessment involves students undertaking and describing fieldwork activities, analysing data, reporting the subsequent findings and critically reflecting upon the fieldwork exercise and their experience.
Task: This assessment requires you to undertake 2 to 3 semi-structured interviews with friends/family focusing upon the broad topic of oral health and hygiene. Interviewees must be individuals with whom you are familiar and with whom you have an established relationship as we do not have ethical clearance to interview anyone else.
The interviews will explore interviewees’ behaviours, motivations, experiences, and understandings around this broad topic. This is an opportunity for you to explore and unpack a topic/area of everyday life which we all may to some extent take for granted and not regularly discuss or share with others.
The semi-structured interviews need to be framed around questions that can help you explore the following areas:
1. The interviewees’ understandings of what oral hygiene/health constitutes;
2. The regimes, practices and products used by the interviewees to maintain/improve oral hygiene/health (what they use and why they use them);
3. The interviewees’ motivations and expectations regarding their own oral hygiene/health and the oral hygiene/health of family/friends;
4. The interviewees’ perspectives and understandings around who is influential (significant others) regarding their oral hygiene/health behaviours and regimes and in what ways these significant others are influential.
The 4 areas outlined above act as the overarching structure for your interview guide. However, your job is to compose 2-3 specific questions for each of the 4 areas above (totaling a minimum of 8-12 questions).
Remember, you’ll also have to begin the interview by introducing yourself, the project (in very general but clear terms – do not explain or read out the details of the theme list/interview guide) and what is expected of them and you during this fieldwork experience. Keep in mind that many interviewees may never have participated in qualitative research or qualitative interviews before and do not necessarily assume they are familiar with what is involved and/or expected of them.
Interviews should be between 15-20 minutes each. You can either take handwritten notes only during the interviews or also supplement such notes with a digital recording (so long as you have verbal consent of the interviewees). Remember to follow the areas outlined in your interview guide (as outlined above) but also be mindful that an interviewee can introduce or touch upon issues that may not necessarily follow the order/structure of your theme list/interview guide and may also introduce topics/issues that are related but fall beyond your list/guide. Successful qualitative interviewing does require a certain degree of flexibility on behalf of the interviewer/researcher and you need to be able to adapt to and respond to what you hear while also hopefully covering all/much of your theme list/interview guide areas by the close of the interview. Upon completion of the interview, you will take 10 minutes to write notes to reflect upon the experience of the interview including reflection upon your own role in the process and what you consider went well/could be further strengthened/was a challenge (do please note that the longer you leave between completing the interview and undertaking this task, the less details and rich insights you are likely to remember).
To analyse your collected data you must undertake a basic Framework Approach analysis following the framework approach process and steps (as outlined in the Module 3B). Do not attempt to use any other qualitative analysis approach in this assessment.
Students will produce a report from the interview process and results. The report will follow a four heading structure (see Guidelines for Document Submission outlined below). Do please note: while addressing all four sections outlined below is essential to this assessment, please note the section dedicated to you providing critical reflection upon your fieldwork experience is of priority (and has been allocated largest wordcount and possible marks). Be careful to allocate sufficient word count to each section in accordance with the wordcount max provided below.
Guidelines for document submission:
Your report should use a provided template with sections and headings indicated. You can leave headings and replace “insert text” with your answers. Reports should be written in full sentences and paragraphs. Avoid the use bullet points and lists.
Guidelines for each section of the report:
Description (overview) of fieldwork activities (max 200 words)
This section will be marked on the extent to which you have clearly and concisely described a number of aspects of your fieldwork activities. These are: how you prepared, introduced and began each interview; a very brief description of whom you interviewed (demographics) [please do deidentify your interviewees in your writing through use of pseudonyms, etc.]; a description of core features of how the interviews (where and when undertaken, duration, how you noted/recorded data, etc); a basic description of the framework approach process/steps which you employed to undertake a basic analysis of the data collected.
Interview guide development/questions (max 200 words)
In this section you must list the 2-3 questions you have composed for each of 4 areas of the interview guide (total of 8-12 questions at minimum). Also, explain your reasoning behind your choice of questions i.e., why are you asking these questions and what information are you trying to extrapolate?
Preliminary findings (max 250 words)
Describe just the main findings/results that you interpreted from your data. You must provide up to a maximum of 5 selected quotes in total to help illustrate your findings. A good way to structure this overview is to introduce and define the main themes/codes you identified in the data one-by-one with clear sub-headings where necessary. This section will reflect the extent to which your overview provides clear, coherent, concise and logical interpretations of your data.
Critical reflection regarding the fieldwork experience (max 850 words)
For this section outline the following areas:
Discuss the challenges and opportunities you perceived/experienced in conducting both the data collection and analysis? For example, what did you find relatively straightforward? and what did you find more difficult during the fieldwork?
Reflect on your critical reflexivity as a researcher undertaking this interviewing task (what was your role in the data collection and analysis processes? how did this possibly change over the course of the fieldwork experience? and/or change your behaviours/perspective/approach during the fieldwork?)
Provide one important tip from your interviewing experience to pass on to anyone looking to conduct their first qualitative interview? Explain why you think this tip is important?
- Discuss the challenges and opportunities you perceived/experienced in conducting both the data collection and analysis?
- Could you please add logic, theories, and Uk business analytics or something similarly interesting?
- Identify at least one legislative act, professional code or standard of practice which has been breached
- Describe the differences between a board of nursing and a professional nurse association.
- Explain why this event began, how impacted others, and what changes occurred over time as a result of what took place.
- Explain how you observe this value (Dignity and Worth of a Person) being put into practice with the USO organization (United Service Organizations).
- Identify the departments and agencies designated to perform response and recovery activities and specifies tasks they must accomplish.
- Write about the issues surrounding workers rights in that industry.
- What are the benefits the company is realizing from deploying this type of technology?
- Describe four of these changes and how can nutrition help decrease the issues that are caused by these changes.