Assignment Answers | Identity Development and Cohort: PSYC2008

Assignment Answers | Identity Development and Cohort: PSYC2008

Running head: BIOLOGY RESEARCH REPORT Name of the Student Name of the University Author Note 1 BIOLOGY Table of Contents Introduction ……………. …

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Running head: BIOLOGY RESEARCH REPORT Name of the Student Name of the University Author Note 1 BIOLOGY Table of Contents Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2 Method ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5 Research design ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5 Participant selection ………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5 Data collection ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5 Data analysis ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 5 Ethical considerations ……………………………………………………………………………………………… 6 Results ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 7 Table 1 -Relationship between Identity status – Friendship and Perceived relationship quality among both young adults and adolescents ………………………………………………………. 7 Table 2–Chi square table …………………………………………… Error! Bookmark not defined. Table 3: Contingency coefficient table ………………………….. Error! Bookmark not defined. Table 4: Correlation between identity factor friendship and perceived quality of relationship ………………………………………………………………… Error! Bookmark not defined. Discussion …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9 References ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 11 2 BIOLOGY Introduction The experimental research study is aimed at the investigation of the association between the identity development and the social, cognitive, biological and emotional experiences of aselected cohort. According to numerous research studies, itcan be stated that the identity characteristics of variables of a person is associated with the perceived relationship qualities of the person (Akrout & Nagy, 2018 ). In other words, itcan be said that this experimental research study is aimed at the identification of the association between the identity status features of aperson and the perceived relationship status. When aperson is in adolescence, the most important work that they must complete is establishing their identity. This stage must be directly linked to the activities of searching and learning (Chiniara & Bentein, 2018 ). Identity creation has been demonstrated to aid a person’s transition into maturity. The potential for reciprocal openness, closeness, and establishing healthy interactions with others has been linked to the walkthrough process. Researchers have discovered that merging with closeness as a sign of conceptual links between all of these phases has piqued their curiosity. According to research, there is a clear link between attitudes toward the development of intimate connections and the attitudes toward the development of intimate relationships. When an individual is in adolescence stage of their lives, identity is the most significant task of the individual during adolescence. This stage must be specifically associated with the searching and learning processes (Curran et al., 2018 ). The formation of identity has been found to help a person walk through their adulthoods. The walkthrough process has been found to be associated with capacity for mutual openness, intimacy and having proper relationships with others. The interest of researchers has been mainly found to be associated with merging with intimacy as an indicator of conceptual relationships between all these stages. Research 3 BIOLOGY findings have shown that there is a direct relationship between the attitudes toward the development of intimate relationships (Huguley et al., 2019 ). However, it has been observed that attitudes are also related to intimate moratorium, relations, identity and diffusion. In order to determine the predictive role of every identity status, multiple regression analyses were used in previous research studies. Erikson ’stheory can thus be stated to have been justified by the previous research findings. Another research study, which was performed by agroup of researchers, has stated that moratorium and foreclosure scales were negatively related to the relationship quality of a person (Jacobson et al., 2018 ). Therefore, it can be concluded that these two scales are needed for understanding the negative measures of association between identity status and relationship quality. Thus, it can be said that there are relationships between the measures chosen for the research study and perceived relationship quality. On the other hand, it has been observed that this research study is associated with the aim of finding the relationship between either of the identity factors and perceived relationship quality. The need for this research study has been found to be increasing since the identification of various identities in people, at different stages of their lives and their associations with the perceived relationship qualities (Rather et al., 2018 ). The findings of the research will show whether a specific identity factor has any role to play in altering the quality of relationship between two people or not. In other words, it can be said that the research study is specifically associated with finding the association between identity factors and the perceived quality of relationships in the life of an individual. The experimental research study is placed on two significant hypothesis – the two selected hypotheses are – 4 BIOLOGY Hypothesis 1–Among those who self-identify as adolescents and young adults, there will be a statistically significant association between identity status and perceived relationship quality Hypothesis 2- Among those who self-identify as adolescents and young adults, there will be a statistically significant association between identity status and psychological wellbeing”. 5 BIOLOGY Method Research design Primary experimental research design was selected for the paper. In other words, it can be stated that data has been collected from live participants and analysed in address the research hypotheses. Participant selection Only students of semester 1 was selected in order to complete the research study learning activity. More than 1250 students were enrolled in the research study. Students from every field of academics were selected for the research study. Data collection The first section of the survey has been found to include the questions about the participants according to their age, gender and enrolment status. The life period was the subsample for the first hypothesis, chosen for the research study. Young adults and adolescents were the sub-samples of the research study. Both the sub-samples were considered for the first hypothesis of the research study. Data analysis Chi square test was used in order to statistically analyse the relationship between and identity status factor –friendship and perceived quality of relationship. Since both the subsets of samples were used together and the general relationship was found out, no specific sample size was stated in the discussion section of the study. 6 BIOLOGY Ethical considerations None of the participants were forced to take part in the research study. Every participant of the research study was first provided with an informed consent and the data collection was initiated. Ethical approval was taken from the respective authority. 7 BIOLOGY Results Hypothesis 1: Relationship between Identity status and Perceived relationship quality among both young adults and adolescents IdentityStatus *PercievedRelationshipQuality Crosstabulation Count PercievedRelationshipQuality Total Conflicting Supportive Mixed IdentityStatus Diffusion 21 59 42 122 Foreclosure 15 56 13 84 Moratorium 7 105 78 190 Achieved 29 236 48 313 Total 72 456 181 709 Chi-Square Tests Value df Asymptotic Significance (2- sided) Pearson Chi-Square 70.053 a 6 .000 Likelihood Ratio 70.428 6 .000 NofValid Cases 709 a.0cells (0.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is8.53. The chi square value has been found to be very high above the expected value and thus the relationship can be stated to be non-significant. Symmetric Measures Value Approximate Significance Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .300 .000 NofValid Cases 709 The contingency coefficient is also low and thus can be stated to be associated with the evidences of anon-significant association. Correlation analysis Identity Status Perceived Relationship Quality Identity Status 1 8 BIOLOGY Perceived Relationship Quality -0.040891013 1 Hypothesis 2: Relationship between identity status – Friendship and psychological wellbeing IdentityStatus *PsychologicalWellbeing Crosstabulation Count PsychologicalWellbeing Total Low High IdentityStatus Diffusion 51 71 122 Foreclosure 24 60 84 Moratorium 61 129 190 Achievement 54 259 313 Total 190 519 709 Chi-Square Tests Value df Asymptotic Significance (2- sided) Pearson Chi-Square 31.404 a 3 .000 Likelihood Ratio 31.471 3 .000 Linear-by-Linear Association 26.591 1 .000 NofValid Cases 709 a.0cells (0.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is22.51. Symmetric Measures Value Approximate Significance Nominal by Nominal Contingency Coefficient .206 .000 NofValid Cases 709 Correlation analysis Identity Status Psych Wellbeing 9 BIOLOGY Identity Status 1 Psych Wellbeing 0.193799059 1 Significance test –T test t-Test: Paired Two Sample for Means 2 1 Mean 2.980225989 1.733050847 Variance 1.249962042 0.195964088 Observations 708 708 Pearson Correlation 0.192228732 Hypothesized Mean Difference 0 df 707 tStat 29.61486949 P(T<=t) one-tail 2.8596E-126 tCritical one-tail 1.647011731 P(T<=t) two-tail 5.7193E-126 tCritical two-tail 1.963325043 Discussion No strong association between the identity status and perceived relationship quality were found. However, it has been observed that in previous research studies, strong associations existed between the identity status and the perceived relationship quality (). Thus, it can be stated that the results are contradictory with each other –previous research studies and the present research study. In other words, itcan be said that there have been some issues in the data collection process or the confounding factors were not considered in the research. Recall bias and other statistical bias factors could have arisen in the research data collection and analysis. Also, it has been observed that weak associations exist between identify status and psychological wellbeing. The same has been found to be statistically significant. This is because of the fact that the observed p value is far less than 0.05. Thus, it can be said that hypothesis 2 is accepted and hypothesis 1 is rejected. Hypothesis 1 has shown negative 10 BIOLOGY association between the two selected variables. Whereas, apositive association was observed in between the variables of hypothesis 2 – psychological wellbeing and identity status. The observed correlation coefficient has been found to be positive for these two variables and thus significant association can be stated to be existing between the variables. Future research studies should focus on addressing these research factors first and then continue the research work. The collected data could have been first analysed for reliability by using Cronbach ’s alpha testing. However, it can be said that this research study has provided evidences on the fact that identity of aperson associated somewhat with the perceived relationship qualities. 11 BIOLOGY References Akrout, H., & Nagy, G. (2018). Trust and commitment within avirtual brand community: The mediating role of brand relationship quality. Information & Management ,55 (8), 939-955. Chiniara, M., & Bentein, K. (2018). The servant leadership advantage: When perceiving low differentiation in leader-member relationship quality influences team cohesion, team task performance and service OCB. The Leadership Quarterly ,29 (2), 333-345. Curran, M. A., Parrott, E., Ahn, S. Y., Serido, J., & Shim, S. (2018). Young adults ’life outcomes and well-being: Perceived financial socialization from parents, the romantic partner, and young adults ’own financial behaviors. Journal of Family and Economic Issues ,39 (3), 445-456. Huguley, J. P., Wang, M. T., Vasquez, A. C., & Guo, J. (2019). Parental ethnic –racial socialization practices and the construction of children of color ’s ethnic –racial identity: A research synthesis and meta-analysis. Psychological bulletin ,145 (5), 437. Itani, O. S., Kassar, A. N., & Loureiro, S. M. C. (2019). Value get, value give: The relationships among perceived value, relationship quality, customer engagement, and value consciousness. International Journal of Hospitality Management ,80 ,78-90. Jacobson, E. H. K., Wilson, K. G., Kurz, A. S., & Kellum, K. K. (2018). Examining self- compassion in romantic relationships. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science ,8, 69-73. Rather, R. A. (2018). Investigating the impact of customer brand identification on hospitality brand loyalty: A social identity perspective. Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management ,27 (5), 487-513. 12 BIOLOGY Rossignac-Milon, M., & Higgins, E. T. (2018). Epistemic companions: Shared reality development in close relationships. Current opinion in psychology ,23 ,66-71. Wibowo, A., Chen, S. C., Wiangin, U., Ma, Y., & Ruangkanjanases, A. (2020). Customer behavior as an outcome of social media marketing: The role of social media marketing activity and customer experience. Sustainability ,13 (1), 189.

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