Assignment Answers Pdf Of The Cross River Rail Project:PRM540

Assignment Answers Pdf Of The Cross River Rail Project:PRM540

Cross River Rail
Module no
Student ’sID
Contents
BACKGROUND …………………………………………………………………….. …

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Cross River Rail
Module no
Student ’sID
Contents
BACKGROUND ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3
OBJECTIVES OF THE REPORT ………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4
PROJECT PROPOSALS ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 5
DELEVERABILITY –………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6
CONTRACTORS INVOLVED …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 7
BACKGROUND OF CONTRACTOR ORGANIZATION ……………………………………………………………………………. 8
STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATIONS ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. 9
CURRENT UPDATES …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 10
FINANCES AND COST ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 11
The priorities of 2021-22 financial year for Cross River Rail are, …………………………………………………… 11
Financial Performance …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 11
ASSOCIATED ISSUES ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 12
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS ……………………………………………………………………………………… 13
REFERENCES ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 14
BACKGROUND
Cross River Rail Project is aHigh Priority Initiative Project on the priority list of Australia ’s
Infrastructure. Because of continuous population increase throughout the years, including the
COVID-19 years and job growth in the inner-city regions, itis expected that the travel demand
for journeys to-and-fro Brisbane. The job growth increase is expected to be in late 2020 ’sand
early 2030 ’s. (Infrastructure Australia, 2017)
Initially the rail line was supposed to be of 18km, connecting Bowen Hills and Salisbury. But
that line left the northern suburbs with very less benefits. Therefore, the line was later modified.
Now, Cross river rail is arailway project consisting of 10.2km of rail line. Out of that 10.2km,
5.9km is underground twin rail tunnels. The rail is said to run in between Dutton Park and
Bowen Hills. (Infrastructure Australia, 2017)
Dutton Park and Bowen Hills are said to be the two major suburbs of Brisbane in Queensland,
Australia.
The government of Queensland announced about this project in June 2016. It was also
announced that the Cross River Rail Delivery Authority would be leading the development,
procurement and delivery of the Cross River Rail project.
It is aknown fact that, since 1996 no major railway infrastructure project was undertaken. This
led to avery congested inner-city transportation network. Therefore, the government decided to
start the construction work of Cross River Rail. The CRR proposed that itwould be able to
provide better connectivity to the inner-city regions of the northern and southern part of
Queensland.
OBJECTIVES OF THE REPORT
This case study aims to study the design development of cross-river rail. It also aims to
understand the sustainability of the project along with the financial details.
The study also aims to discuss the contractors involved in this project, the financial issues that
might have been there and the delays and rescheduling involved in the efficient management and
construction of the Cross River Rail project.
PROJECT PROPOSALS
The Cross River Rail project proposed construction of 10.2km of railway line from Dutton Park
to Bowen Hills, out of which 5.9km is underground twin tunnels. The proposal of Cross River
Rail consists of,
1. 4new underground stations namely Boggo Road, Woolloongabba, Albert Street, Roma
Street.
2. 3new gold coast stations
3. 2new upgraded stations, Dutton Park Station and the Exhibition Station
4. The CRR also has provision of European Train Control System Level 2
As stated earlier that the population of South East Queensland is expected to increase through the
2020 ’sand 2030 ’s. The government also stated that the increase is expected to mostly be in Gold
Coast, Ipswich Sunshine Coase, Moreton Bay and Logan areas. Having said so, itis to be kept in
mind that the employment growth is expected to stay in Brisbane. This translates that there will
be increase in transportation from the above areas to and from Brisbane.
This project was started to solve all the issues regarding population and public transport as
discussed above. (Cross River Rail, 2021)
DELEVERABILITY –
The packaging and delivery options were evaluated through the project assessment framework of
Queensland government ’sand the guidelines provided by Building Queensland. Considering that,
the deliverability of Cross River Rail was distributed into four separate parts. The said parts are,
1. Early works
2. Rail Systems and Rail Track
3. Tunneling, station development
4. Surface works of the project
CORE 2021 It is stated that in April 2017, Cross River Rail Delivery Authority, referred in short
as CRRDA was established in June 2017 the Queensland state government decided to
completely fund the Cross River Rail project.
They also evaluated the delivery model for each of the above parts. For surface works,
competitive alliance delivery method was used. For tunneling and station development, public
private partnership model was decided on. For rail systems and track part, since advanced ETCS
system will be there for Cross River Rail project most of the design risk would be reduced. Yet,
the considered solution for delivery of rail systems and track was asolution that needs to be
based on the design and construction approach of the rail system and track. (Infrastructure
Australia, 2017)
Considering the above models and referring to Cross River Rail Delivery Authority (CRRDA), it
is stated that the Cross River Rail project is to be delivered by partnering with TSD (Tunnel
Stations and Development) public-private partnership, RIS alliance (Rail Integration and
Systems) and ETCS contract (European Train Control System) (Queensland Rail, n.d.)
The project risks identified consisted of the following risks,
1. Design risks –itwas identified that for the situations related to geotechnical conditions
and contamination and for the situations where access to emergency services needs to be
provided, the design changes might be required. When and if this happens, the overall
cost, time and scheduling constrains would be stretched.
2. Construction Risks- when the construction is going on, there is arisk involved in case
there ’sdamage to existing infrastructure. Another factor that might be the cause of
construction risk is poor coordination or communication between the major contractor of
the Cross River Rail project.
3. Site specific risks- other than the usual site specific risks, italso includes the risk of
flooding. It also includes the situation where additional land needs to be bought to
effectively deliver the project.
4. Expectational risks- this type includes the risks that might occur is the product is not as
per community expectations, or if opposition community comes forward. This type of
risks generally leads to delay in delivering the project part.
5. Industrial Relations risks (Infrastructure Australia, 2017)
CONTRACTORS INVOLVED
The two major contractors involved in this Cross River Rail are AECOM and Building
Queensland. Where, AECOM was responsible for operation related and planning related advice.
Whereas Building Queensland was responsible for preparing the business case. They did this in
collaboration with the transport and main road department. (Railway Technology, 2016)
On 4thApril 2019, the Queensland government announced that, to build Cross River Rail $5.4
billion investment was done. As stated earlier, the project was to be delivers in parts. Here itis
stated what contractor was responsible for which part.
ï‚· The TDS public private partnership is to be delivered by PULSE. This is apartnership that is
headed by the following groups,
1. CIMIC group
2. UGL
3. CPB contractors
4. Pacific Partnerships
Whereas the international partners are,
1. Ghella
2. BAM
3. DIF
ï‚· The $750 million RIS alliance is to be delivered by UNITY alliance. UNITY alliance
includes the following companies and contractors, with their partners namely HASSELL,
RCS Australia, Acmena, Martinus Rail and Wired Overhead Solutions, are
1. UGL
2. CPB contractors
3. AECOM and Jacobs
ï‚· The $634 million ETCS is to be delivered by Hitachi Rail STS.
BACKGROUND OF CONTRACTOR ORGANIZATION
The major contractor organization for investment, management, construction and
implementation of Cross River Rail project are, TSD public private partnership, RIS Alliance
and ETCS. (The Urban Developer, 2022)
1. TSD public private partnership –here, TSD means the Tunnel, Stations and Development.
This part is supposed to be delivered by PULSE. In the month of April of the year 2019 it
was announced that PULSE was the preferred bidder by the Queensland Government.
And itis responsible for delivering the following sub-projects,
 The underground parts of the complete project.
 The tunnel that connects Dutton Park and Normanby.
 The four new underground stations. Namely, Roma Street, Woolloongabba,
Albert Street and Boggo Road.
Along with the above sub-projects, TSD is also responsible for providing various
commercial development opportunity for locals above the Albert Street Station.
2. RIS Alliance- RIS (Rail Integration System) alliance is supposed to be delivered by
UNITY Alliance. It is responsible for delivering the following two sub-projects
 Integration of Cross River Rail into the Queensland Rail Network
 Supporting rail system ’sdesign, its supply and its installation
3. ETCS- European Train Control System is supposed to be under Hitachi Rail STS. It is a
signaling system that will help in increasing the population capacity of the inner-city
railway network. It will also help enhance the safety of the network and in turn help the
network run smoothly.
STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATIONS
It is recorded that the consultation program was ran parallel with the EIS and the engineering and
design processes. The program was corresponded in three rounds. And was held between April
and December months of the year 2010. Round 1was conducted in the month of April and May,
round 2in the month of July and August, round 3in the month of November.
In round one, the project was introduced. Along with the introduction, the issues regarding the
project and community values were identified. This was mostly done for tunnel alignment
considerations and for environmental investigations.
In round two feedback from community was taken on the topic of tunnel alignment and the
preferred locations of the underground stations. In this round the community issues regarding
EIS investigations was also identified.
In round three, feedback from community regarding the reference designs of the project was
taken. The feedback also included the benefits and impacts of the project. Community feedback
regarding the mitigations measures was also considered. All this was done to manage and if
possible, avoid potential negative results.
Apart from the above round, in the month of September, additional consultancy was conducted.
This was done to give the property owners and the locals the necessary information. Round 4
focused on the EIS and the submissions according to the results availed from all the earlier
rounds.
CURRENT UPDATES
The construction of Cross River Rail is currently at its peak. There are around 15 active
worksites, out of which 10 are major worksites. All these worksites employ around 2700 people.
The current updates of the Cross River Rail are present on the website till 13 thApril 2022. The
updates of all major worksites are discussed below.
1. Tunneling –It is stated that the excavation work of the twin tunnels is completed.
2. Boggo Road –The permanent lining of the worksite is completed, in-situ concrete is
raised up to 32% and reinforcement installation of 40% is done.
3. Woolloongabba –Permanent lining work is under process, 7out of 11 house slabs of the
station box are installed.
4. Albert Street -Station box excavation is almost finished, northern station excavation in
under process.
5. Roma Street –concreting of cavern is going on, construction of external reinforced
concrete wall has started.
6. Exhibition –the fabrication and placement of steel girder for bridge no. 43 is completed.
7. Southern Portal –atotal of 621 piles are installed, the 6thand final drive of micro
tunneling is going on.
8. Northern Portal –97% excavation is completed, 207 nos of precast roof decks are placed.
9. Mayne Yard –the internal walls of rail traffic crew building is done up to 65%, whereas
the signaling roads 9-11 are completed up to 88%
10. Clapham Yard –the drainage works of 526m are installed and the pilling work of Chale
Street Bridge has started.
FINANCES AND COST
The priorities of 2021-22 financial year for Cross River Rail are,
1. To manage the major contractors in executing TSD, RIS and ETCS with respect to
 the health of safety of the workplace
 the maintenance of highest safety levels at all the worksites
 maintaining agood percentage of local sub-contractors
 maintaining the material suppliers so that the project schedule is not hindered
 the commitment to achieve 450 trainees and apprentice opportunities over the
course of the project ’slife
2. To complete the excavation work of the underground twin tunnels.
3. To continue the upgrade works of the six stations that are situated in between Fairfield
and Salisbury stations.
Financial Performance
The financial performance of CRR for the activities related to delivery of the project isstated in the
Annual Report 2020-2021 of Cross River Rail. The performance results mentioned are till 30 thJune 2021.
1. The operating results –the operating results by the delivery authority for the year 2021-
22 showed ashortage of $3.513 million. The shortage was maintained with the help of
the surplus saved from the earlier years
2. The revenues –the revenue is for the non-capital expenditure by the Delivery Authority
that is funded from the Queensland Treasury.
3. The expenses –the expenses regarding the ETCS were compensated by the Queensland
Rail
4. Assets –assets consist of the capitalized project costs, prepaid project related insurance,
and GST that is later refundable from the Taxation Office of Australia.
5. Liabilities –itconsists of creditors, the employee benefits, other land settlement costs and
other payables that are associated with the said project
6. Equity –the equity consist of equity injections regarding the funding for the project that
comes from the Queensland Treasury. (Cross River Rail, 2021)
ASSOCIATED ISSUES
Controversy associated with cross river rail
1. In the year 2019, Deputy Premier Jackie Trad was fired from her responsibilities on CRR
project because she was not able to purchase aWoolloongabba house using the trust of
her family. It was aproject over which she has ministerial responsibility. (The Urban
Developer, 2022)
2. Tourism Minister Kate Jones, during her time as the charge of CRR, dismissed 10-
member board who were overseeing the project.
3. In the year 2019, hundreds of workers working on the construction sites of CRR marched
to the parliament house for the way the government handled the rail project.
4. The queensland government whose ex-head was Labor Deputy Premier Paul Lucas, fired
10-member independent board who was overseeing the CRR project at the moment itwas
entering its construction phase. (Lynch, 2020)
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
It was found that Cross River Rail had done proper planning and environmental studies. Because
of this they were able to identify the stakeholder and concerns regarding the risks. The
construction shows consistent development outcome to deliver affordable and feasible solutions
regarding the expectations of the community and the concerns that are bought by the managing
stakeholders.
The Cross River Rail project has showed that the development of stations must be based on the
outcomes that are desired from the project, rather than the predetermined concept design and the
risk that are identified regarding the finalizing, designing, construction, implementation and the
maintenance of the project. (Bryan Jones, 2021)
REFERENCES
Bryan Jones, J.D. A. d. A. P. H., 2021. UNDERGROUND STATION DESIGN DEVELOPMENT -ACASE STUDY ,
s.l.: Core 2021.
Cross River Rail, 2021. Annual Report 2020 -2021, s.l.: Cross River Rail Delivery Authority.
Cross River Rail, 2021. Project Benifits. [Online].
Cross River Rail, 2021. Project Overview. [Online].
Infrastructure Australia, 2017. Project Evaluation Summary Cross River Rail. Infrastructure Australia.
Lynch, L., 2020. What isCross River Rail? When will itbe finished and why do we need it?. Brisbane
Times.
Newton, G., 2021. Brisbane ’sCross River Rail project making city-shaping progress. Global Railway
Review.
Queensland Rail, n.d. Cross Ricer Rail. Queensland Rail.
Railway Technology, 2016. Cross River Rail, Queensland. Railway Technology.
The Urban Developer, 2022. Cross River Rail: Everything You Need to Know. The Urban Developer.

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