Case Study Answers of Role of the Management Team

Case Study Answers of Role of the Management Team

Accounting Information System
Student Details
Course Details
Part 1 …

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Accounting Information System
Student Details
Course Details
Part 1
1. Role of the Management Team
The section defines the roles which are expected to be carried out by the management team in
the creation and design of the new AIS irrespective of the industry . The management team’s
engagement with the information system is managed in this section of the study. They are mostly
involved in various activities:
Management Team as Management : Management plays an imp ortant role in system
development by emphasizing the importance of involving users at all times, providing assistance
and consolation for advancement endeavors, and adjusting systems to corporate procedures.
Other important tasks include establishing syste m aims and destinations, selecting system
division authority and evaluating their performance, developing methods for venture
determination and hierarchical structure, and participating in crucial system decisions.
Computer Programmers : Developers devote t heir time and effort to writing computer
programs . Regarding system improvement, computer programmers try to fully meet the
architecture specifics offered by the system investigators . There are several programming styles:
a developer can work alone for len gthy periods of time or as a team A software engineer should
be able to grasp sophisticated procedures as well as the complexity of at least one programming
language. A computer programmer is generally capable of sciences, since most actual coding is
based on numerical notions.
Project Development Team : Team members design each work, screen it to assure timely
and cost -effective completion, ensure sufficient consideration is given to the human element, and
communicate venture status to senior management and the leading steering committee. Similarly,
they should spend a lot of time talking with clients while holding regular gather ing to come up
with ideas while discuss ing the progress.
Information Systems Steering Committee: the activity of an information system is
designed and managed by an official level. They involve substantial management such as user,
system, controller .
System Analyst: the role of a system analyst is to close the space between understanding
business needs as well as conceptualizing another system to attain those demands . Analyst
communicates with the individuals during the activity in order to solve any issues that may arise
between the client as well as innovations. Considering the cash related needs, innovation
constraints, and culture, a superb investigator will appreciate what various innovative solutions
would function and provide a few distinct alter natives to the requester. When a solution is
selected, the analyst will create a detailed archive depicting the new system (Trofimova et al.,
2019) .
2. Role of People who will use the New System
Yes, I anticipate that those who are going to interact with the new method will play a part
in analys es leadership since they will be the first to set an example for others to the user
conveys their information demands to system engineers. They contribute to system
development as members of the project development team or steering committee.
Accountants assist in the design, testing, and auditing of controls that assure comprehensive
and accurate processing data as needed. They must conduct extensive study, consult with
experts, and make sound decisions , b ecause they knew earlier if this system is appropriate for
this company . We can categorize the users of AIS into two; that is external as well as
internal. We can define external users to consists of users outside the firm and uses fiscal
data in decision -making and assess the business performance. We can as well define internal
users to consist of users within the firm and uses fiscal data in decision -making and assess
the business performance. I nternal users comprise of directors as well as the representatives
using fiscal in decision -making . External users are those outside of the company who use
financial data to make decisions or evaluate the performance of a business (Ganyam &
Ivungu, 2019 ).
1. Recognizing the problem
2. Identifying the issue
3. Setting system object ives
4. assessing project feasibility
5. Creating an official project proposal
3. Adoption of a life cycle approach to adopting a new accounting information system
The new AIS is implemented using a life cycle approach known as SDLC. This technique
generates programs of higher quality, expense within a shorter period. It provides a detailed
succession of steps which enables a firm to swiftly develop higher -quality pr ograms that has
been thoroughly tested and is ready for production. It is used when describing how programs are
provided to the client in stages. The section below briefly describes the stages that should be
done and personnel participating in it.
System Analysis : in this section, the analyst identifies and documents the user -needs and
user -expectations and the way the system shall operate. The venture will also undergo an
achievability analysis, which will determine if it is mechanically, socially, organ izationally
Conceptual Design: the structure step identifies the elements of the system s, elements,
encryption algorithm, subsystems, architecture, and the numerous connections and pieces of data
that interact with the system. An overall network setup ought to be feasible with a pen and a
sheet of cardboard to determine how well the platform works or how it will ability .
Physical Design: The third SDLC stage is a tangible plan whereby the company is
translat ing the user -located , broad estimated structural requirements to the particular information
necessary to de sign or evaluate Programming applications .
Implementation And Conversion : In this phase, the technology is working to be
communicated and presented in the patient’s venue, ready to get operating, continue living, and
profitable; training may be required for finished to make sure they comprehend when to use the
platform and become familiar with it (Hutahayan, 2020 ).
Operations And Maintenance : At this phase, to make sure this system never becomes
outdated, they carry out occasional system maintenance. One should replac e old equipment and
constantly reviewing the platform’s demonstration. One shall provid e latest announcements to
particular parts to ensure it meets the appr opriate standards .
Part 2
1. A context diagram
Payroll Processing
System Management
Governmental Agencies Human Resources
Operating Document
Time Card Data Employee Paychecks
Personal Data
2. Document Flowchart
No -Wear Product -Payroll s
Employee in Functional
Department s
Time Card
Time Card
Enter Time Data
Record Time
Completed Time
Process Payroll
Enter Payroll
Payroll Changes Payroll Changes
Process Payroll,
Prepare Checks
and Reports
Management Report
Federal Tax Report
Stat Tax Report
Ganyam, A. I., & Ivungu, J. A. (2019). Effect of accounting information system on financial
performance of firms: A review of literature. Journal of Business and
Management , 21 (5), 39 -49.
Trofimova, L. B., Prodanova, N. A., Korshunova, L. N., Savina, N. V., Ulianova, N., Karpova,
T. P., & Shilova, L. (2019). Public sector entities reporting and Accounting information
system. Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamica l and Control Systems , 11 (S8), 416 –
Hutahayan, B. (2020). The mediating role of human capital and management accounting
information system in the relationship between innovation strategy and internal process
performance and the impact on corporate fina ncial performance. Benchmarking: An
International Journal .

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