OPM3000H Operations Management and Operational Risks

OPM3000H Operations Management and Operational Risks

Task:

You can control the operational risks. You start by understanding the project completion time using project management techniques. You will follow these four steps:
1. Identify the individual tasks that make up the project.
2. Obtain a time estimate for the completion of each task.
3. Identify the time relationships between the tasks. (Which tasks must be completed before others begin?)
4. Draw a project network diagram to reflect the information and steps 1-3.
Identifying individual tasks. Projects consist of various individual tasks. To monitor projects, you must first identify those tasks. They can vary both in the time required to complete them and their complexity. Complex tasks can be viewed as projects that themselves need monitoring by being further divided into subtasks. For example, in designing NASA’s space shuttle, one task was to develop onboard computer systems. Because this task was itself a major project, you might further divide it into subtasks consisting of developing computer systems for lifesupport, engine control, launch control, data collection, data transmission, and so forth. 
Although there is no unique way of deciding how small or large an individual task should be, some general guidelines follow:
1. Each task should have a distinct beginning and end in the context of the project. For example, at Period Publishing Co., preparing the manuscript of the book does have a specific beginning with the signing of the contract and a specific and when the manuscript is delivered to the publisher. In contrast, selling the finished book is not a task because it has no distinct end, though it does have a distinct beginning.
2. The completion of each task should be necessary to the completion of the project and should represent a milestone in the progress of the project.
3. The size of the task should be roughly at the level of your control. For example, as vice president, your main concern is when the entire manuscript is finished, not when the individual chapters are finished. In contrast, if you had been the editor in charge of this book, then you would be concerned with the progress of the individual chapters.
4. There should be some person(s) responsible for the completion of each individual task. For example, the legal department would be responsible for obtaining all copyright 
agreements and all legal contracts before the book is published.
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