Question 1. Case conceptualization of …
Question 1. Case conceptualization of client’s difficulties based on principles of Cognitive-
Behavioral And Systematic Therapy
This case study focuses on two clients experiencing difficulties in their lives. More focus
is laid down, basing the argument on principles of cognitive-behavioral therapy and systematic
therapy approaches. Case conceptualization involves apsychological approach to problems and
difficulties experienced by clients by identifying the origin of their problems, the current status
of their difficulties and ways to be put into place to enable them to maintain those problems
(Wakefield et al., 2021). Lydia and Annette are our clients who present their cases to our team
seeking therapists to share some of the difficulties they experience in their lives. Many times
difficulties succumb to people and grow to an extent; their level of control overwhelms them,
and in the process, itcauses more associated problems that may not be controlled.
About the opinions cast out from the two case studies involving Lydia and Annette, there
are some difficulties our clients are experiencing in their lives that require some attention. These
challenges will be based on the principles associated with both cognitive-behavioral and
systematic therapy. Basing the argument on cognitive behavioral therapy as an approach, we find
that itacts as aform of psychological treatment that better identifies the relationship between
thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is among the trusted
approaches by many therapists due to the result associated with itto their customers. This
approach gives atime-based and goal-oriented kind of treatment that is effective for various
mental illnesses (Wilson et al., 2018). Some principles are helping us to base our client’s
difficulties, as stated in the case study, to come up with acase formulation. Systematic therapy is
another trusted approach that can help us base acase study involving Lydia and Annette. The
systematic therapy approach involves analyzing and treating clients from individual and
relational perspectives. According to the case study involving clients Lydia and Annette, some of
the difficulties experienced by clients are as follows.
Among some of the challenges faced by the clients, as stated in the case study, is
depression. Depression is identified whenever clients lack moods and cannot perform to their
best capacities. Lydia, our first client, can suit this incident because she is avictim. Regarding
case conceptualization, we identify that Lydia felt some depression which started with frequent
thoughts involving the death of her lovely husband. This case study gives more tips about the
level of depression that Lydia has succumbed to. She loses more concentration and focus, which
lowers her ability to articulate matters that she used to do on daily routing without any struggle.
Therapy has to be done based on principles of behavioral therapy approach to content this
situation and bring maintenance of the problem. The therapist gathered information about the
origin of the depression and pictured the current situation of her case. Moreover, he ensures that
astrong, trusting relationship between therapist and client is encouraged. By enforcing agood
relationship between the therapist and Lydia, her situation was settled; accordingly, she acquired
direction on how she will tackle her issues and avoid much stress that intimidated her life
Another challenge associated with the client is challenged with anxiousness. This takes
her origin when she remembers failing to attend the church anniversary ceremony for her
husband’s death in their church despite being avery committed church member. The level of
anxiety increased to the point that she could change her moods so fast and become angry easily
without any major reason to relate. Lydia gets to the point of making adecision that is not in line
with her capacity, and her confidence is limited to things she can afford to perform (Ogueji et al.,
Question 2. Comparison and contrast of way in which cognitive-behavioral and systematic
therapy explains client â€™smental health difficulties and challenges
Both cognitive-behavioral and systematic therapy have different ways of approaching the
clients’ mental illness challenges and difficulties experienced by the clients. Both approaches are
designed to bring freedom to the affected clients and are believed to bring different approaches
depending on the client’s challenges. They bring adifferent opinion on mental illness challenges
and difficulties experienced by clients (Swami et al., 2021). Both approaches differ in how they
tackle cases involving mental illness challenges and difficulties experienced by clients. The
systematic therapy approach involves employing systematic thinking to understand particular
aspects of mental health services, particularly in investigating serious incidents involving mental
illness treatment and other concepts that require attention people.
On the other hand, the cognitive-behavioral therapy approach involves tackling
challenges and difficulties experienced by clients aiming to help them deal with overwhelming
problems with an approach that is more positive and breaks them down into smaller parts. This
approach focuses more on showing clients how to change negative patterns and how to improve
the way they feel. In comparison with the systematic therapy approach, cognitive behavioral
therapy deals with current problems rather than focusing on issues that involve the past.
Question 3. Recommendation for therapy intervention following systematic and cognitive
Therapy intervention involves an approach that encourages someone experiencing a
health problem, challenges and difficulties to seek treatment. This approach helps individuals or
groups who require some improvement in their well-being from others and are not in aposition
to seek guidance or are not in aposition to seek it. This invention can be guided by aprofessional
interventionist or maybe family friends with or without the help of aprofessional depending on
the circumstances. In some incidents, intervention therapy may occur where individuals cannot
make decisions for themselves. Thus they require other people to take action on their behalf.
This therapy may apply to some individuals and fail to others since itmight be difficult to
convince some people who have experienced mental illness challenges in their lives.
Therapy intervention can be highly recommended the approaches like cognitive
behavioral therapy. This approach follows that therapy intervention may be used as atool for
people who have dangerous sexual habits, addictions, eating disorders, difficulty adhering to a
medication schedule, and other types of treatment. Intervention therapy is mostly used to prevent
people with known problems who cannot express themselves for treatment, yet they are messing
them out. It can be useful to people in adeeper depression with threats of things like suicide
attempts or threats. All these incidents involving intervention therapy collide with cognitive
behavioral therapy. What is expected in this approach is to identify the challenge an individual is
facing and come up with astrategy of sharing ways to overcome itand maintain itafter
overcoming it. Intervention copes with this approach in that self-destructive behavior, and
peaceful and respectful confrontation are planned and organized by family or friends and more
concerned individuals. They may also seek some guidance from the professionals, then present
the problem to the affected person and discuss the effects and possible ways to help (Jaspal et al.,
The principles applied in cognitive behavioral therapy and intervention identify agood
platform for arelationship with the affected individual without threatening them and watch out
for the possible methods that can be applied to cure them. There are also some elements and
stages that can be helpful to the people addressing mental illness difficulties and challenges.
Some of these intervention stages are initial disclosure which entails the relationship-building
with the client and the therapist. Through this interaction of agood relationship, the client is in a
better position to state out some of the things they passed through in their lives and be in abetter
place to discover the origin of challenges the client is passing through.
In-depth exploration where at this stage, the client remains at the mercy of the counselor
that an engagement should be carried out to find out some of the challenges that the clients are
into and are affecting their lives and how to curb them for the better being of the client. Another
stage that may arise here is about commitment to action since relating this intervention and
approaches like cognitive behavioral therapy; you find that they match out because both are
projected to set acertain goal to achieve. These goals help create the right platform and direction
that counselors and clients can follow. These goals set by both counselor and client help motivate
clients and get them to achieve the right results in the shortest period possible. Counseling
intervention is another stage that helps the client reduce emotional distress by correcting errors in
thoughts and beliefs. After the counseling evaluation is done to figure out the client’s level and
whether some improvement can be observed with the client, all these steps involved in stages are
too beneficial to the clients in that they get agood relationship with other people with whom they
can consult their issues from and too they can be learned on ways they can set their issues and
commit to achieving the intended goals (Jaspal et al., 2020). Further, through counseling, they
get the truth about who they her and learn how to believe in themselves.
Question 4overview of the clinical research/outcome evidence that supports the two
Clinical research helps determine the safety and effectiveness of the treatment and
medication intended for human use. They can be used for treatment, prevention, diagnosis, or
even relieving symptoms of adisease. This clinical research ecosystem is very delicate, so itis
not done in colleges since itinvolves complex network sites, academic research institutions and
pharmaceuticals (Hajcak et al., 2019). Through enforcement of new technology, more growth is
experienced, which enables the management of data that helps in the conducting operations of
Clinical research helps further in automating the management and conducting of clinical
trials. It helps in conducting the phases required to develop the medicine to be safe for human
use. During the development of these drugs, several patients who volunteer are involved in phase
Itargeting between 20 to 100 health volunteers with the disease, then last for some months to
identify outcomes and determine whether itcould be safe and correct dosage. Phase II range of
100 to 300 is targeted, and phase ranging 1000 to 3000 participants at least to collect enough data
about the drug. Finally, after such confirmation, the last level is approached with at least 70% of
the drug (Frost, 2020).
Question 5. Reflection on how my personal beliefs and experiences shape my choices and
responses in formulating this coursework
My take on this course work is that no condition could be difficult to handle whenever
discovered at the early stages (Davey, 2021). Whenever the right procedure and research are put
into place, clients who are victims open up about their take and feelings about the encounters
they face in their lives. Whenever choosing aperson affected by acertain situation in life, it
would be easier to accept to make agood relationship with the client. A good relationship with
the client will encourage agood platform, and the client will open up fully. Through this
therapist would be in abetter position to identify the origin of the client’s challenge and provide a
better and quality means of either treating or contenting the problem (Bacon & Corr, 2020).
My personal beliefs have shaped my opinion that enables abetter outcome for the
clients Lydia and Annette since anice interaction with them as our clients has helped them
analyze and understand some of the things they were passing through. They opened up about
some of their problems, and asolution was easier to achieve accordingly. Through experience, it
was anice experience that formulated abetter avenue to conduct ways in which their issues
could be achieved as customers.
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personality â€based perspective on concerns and intention to self â€isolate. British Journal of
Health Psychology, 25(4), 839-848.
Davey, G. C. (2021). Psychopathology: Research, assessment and treatment in clinical
psychology. John Wiley & Sons.
Frost, D. M. (2020). Hostile and harmful: Structural stigma and minority stress explain increased
anxiety among migrants living in the United Kingdom after Brexit. Journal of Consulting
and Clinical Psychology, 88(1), 75.
Hajcak, G., Klawohn, J., & Meyer, A. (2019). The utility of event-related potentials in clinical
psychology. Annual review of clinical psychology, 15, 71-95.
Jaspal, R., Lopes, B., & Lopes, P. (2020). Predicting social distancing and compulsive buying
behaviors in response to COVID-19 in aUnited Kingdom sample. Cogent Psychology,
Ogueji, I.A., Okoloba, M. M., & Demoko Ceccaldi, B. M. (2021). Coping strategies of
individuals in the United Kingdom during the COVID-19 pandemic. Current Psychology,
Swami, V., Horne, G., & Furnham, A. (2021). COVID-19-related stress and anxiety are
associated with negative body image in adults in the United Kingdom. Personality and
individual differences, 170, 110426.
Wakefield, S., Kellett, S., Simmonds â€Buckley, M., Stockton, D., Bradbury, A., & Delgadillo, J.
(2021). Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) in the United Kingdom: A
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Wilson, J., Clarke, T., Lower, R., Ugochukwu, U., Maxwell, S., Hodgkins, J., … & Fowler, D.
(2018). Creating an innovative youth mental health service in the United Kingdom: the
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